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Economic Viewpoint

The Structural Transformation of Quebec and Other Provincial Economies in the Last 60 Years

February 6, 2020
François Dupuis, Vice-President and Chief Economist
Mathieu D’Anjou, Deputy Chief Economist • Joëlle Noreau, Senior Economist

Major changes have transformed the economic structures of Quebec and the other Canadian provinces since the early 1960s. It’s interesting to measure how these changes shaped the makeup of each province. To do this, we looked at the distribution of production and employment between the major economic sectors and the industries within the manufacturing sector. This distribution was measured in 20-year intervals, starting in 1958 and ending in 2016. The changes in the service sectors were also examined. The data gathered shows that major changes occurred in the makeup of the provincial economies over the course of these 60 years. Quebec stands out as the province with the most diversified manufacturing sector. Furthermore, of all the Canadian provinces and regions, only British Columbia developed greater diversity in its manufacturing sector for the period from 1997 to 2016. Below is a look at how the economic structures of Quebec and the other provinces have changed.